Instructor: Victoria McReynolds

Architecture Design Studio III


Course Coordination

Course Syllabus

Course Schedule

Course References

Wiki Help

Student Handbook

University Catalog


Course Readings

01_Architectural Devices

02_Field Analysis

03_Architectural Performances

Barker, Matthew
Bobbitt, Tiffany
Carchi, Anthony
Fadhil, Fadhil
Fealy, Angie
Fisher, Aaron
Ho, Brendan
Jeffery, Tyler
Mcbride, Kaitlin
Mclouth, Douglas
Medrano, Joshua
Pellacani, William
Ponce, Eduardo
Pope, Christopher
Purcella, Christy
Watkins, Nicolas


Longitudinal Section

Continue to develop your 1/8" project model observing and refining the light performance internally and across the site. Draw a longitudinal section across the most spatially compelling spaces of your project and their relationship to site. Include the site as a mask illustrating the mass cut through. Apply technics of line weights and types to demonstrate the materiality of your project. Include spatial information that occurs beyond the cut plane as background content.

For Wednesday (4/24)
36"xY" longitudinal project section @ 1/8" w/site

--Victoria McReynolds 12:59, 23 April 2013 (CDT)

Bike Club Final Review Content

device model @ 1/8”
8.5”x11” characteristic diagram
8”xY” distillation diagram @ 1/16”
8”xY” program registration @ 1/16”
4”x17” (3) ground source images: use / weather / shadows
8”x8” (3) site diagrams: edges / circulation / patterns
8”x8” (3) site strategy diagrams @ 1/32” w/ trace improvements 3/29
1/16” strategy models testing enclosure conditions
17”xY” project site plan @ 1/8” scale w/regulating words
17”xY” 1/16” project plans
1/8” longitudinal section composite drawing
light demonstration images
1/16” site model w/track
1/8” project model

  • additional diagrams or drawings as needed to better communicate your project intention

Site + Building Continue

Continue to develop your 1/8" project model to accommodate the various program needs and demonstration of light. Return to the 1/8" site plan with ground floor plan to articulate the site boundaries, territory treatments, boundaries, regulating conditions and regulating words that reinforce the interior exterior relationships.

For Friday (4/19)
(1) 1/8" project model w/edited site, test light
(1) 1/8" site plan w/ground floor project plan
(1) 17" width x Y" length 1/16" project plans

--Victoria McReynolds 21:36, 18 April 2013 (CDT)

Site + Building

All sites exhibit gravitas. Through soil, mass, inertia, energy, resistance and force, site has weight. Select and edit the boundaries of site for your 1/8" scale project model that best demonstrate the balance between project and ground. Identify site edges that follow logics of terrain change, project boundaries or context configurations.

To further the reality of building, draw floor plans for all levels of your project at 1/16" scale. Provide particular attention to describing the material change through line weights. Include necessary dimensions of ramp runs, stair lengths and program sizing. Poche cut elements, including site, and describe conditions above the 4' plane as dashed elements. Reference the Olympic Archery project plan drawings by Enric Miralles and Camen Pinos for articulation in cut elements, conditions above, and line type variations. Organize the floor plans vertically with the lowest level on the bottom, upper level on the top, portrait format page.

For Wednesday (4/17)
(1) 1/8" project model w/edited site, test light
(1) 17" width x Y" length 1/16" project plans

--Victoria McReynolds 12:18, 16 April 2013 (CDT)

Testing Performance

Modeling at two different scales allows for difference in testing and observation. At the 1/16" scale relationships to the site become the primary focus while at the 1/8" scale conditions of rooms and circulation are paramount. Light behaves the same independent of scale change allowing an overarching idea demonstrated at the 1/16" to become detailed at the 1/8".

Develop the 1/16" site model focusing on the integration of the track as a site feature demonstrating continuity and difference with your project and context. Include lateral bracing for your track structure to support against sideways forces. Do not model the surface of the track, instead model the beams, columns or retaining walls needed to support the track. The continuity and repetition of these elements will imply the track surface location. Test the performance of light and shadow as it passes across the site, project and track with the intentions of extending into the context your characteristic idea.

Develop the 1/8" scale project model with the focus of accommodating separate spaces for the various events. Articulate enclosures, thresholds and openings that demonstrate light performance similar to the light features executed in your optical device. Reference your circulation diagram for locations of thresholds when modeling, include walls or space defining features as needed for the different events. Observe and develop light's performance within your project building upon the internal logic of your distillation diagrams. Accommodate necessary circulation constraints of stairs and ramps. Refer to the image below for accessible standards.

--Victoria McReynolds 18:17, 14 April 2013 (CDT)


Must be even, does not have to be an ellipse.

--Victoria McReynolds 23:07, 9 April 2013 (CDT)

Site Integration / Light Demonstration / Track Inclusion

Refine one project model to better strengthen the relationship to site and demonstration of light. Build from the Lobby conversation today and its program relevance negotiating a transition from public to your bike club. Take opportunities to allow the site to strengthen and support your intention of how the Lobby engages with the context. Demonstrate light that engages both the scale of site and the scale of program. Allow project shadows to stretch across the site, shading, defining and framing moments that change over the course of a day and season. Test your observation by constructing a Sun Peg dial and identifying summer and winter behavior.

Build your bike track. Include the bike track as a strategy of site, event and circulation within your project. Three main factors are to be considered when modeling the track: 1) the length, 2) relationship to audience, 3) articulating the structure. Construct the track only by building the vertical and horizontal framing. Do not model the track as a smooth surface but instead demonstrate the structure and framing of the track. The track is to be no shorter than 700 feet and continuously banked except for turning radius. Track must have a minimum banking 12 degrees, maximum banking 45 degrees. Activate the edge by accommodating places of observation and audience viewing.

For Wednesday (4/10)
(1) 1/16" strategy models w/ light demonstration, site articulation, and track inclusion

--Victoria McReynolds 18:00, 8 April 2013 (CDT)


Developing from your site strategy plan, create three 1/16" scale models that test various bike club program organizations and characteristic light control. Refer to your distillation diagrams in order to maintain key relationships when adjusting rooms, thresholds and boundaries to accommodate the program sizes. Demonstrate light control that reinforces your characteristic diagram and term.

Select one 1/16" model that best demonstrates spatial relationships of your distillation diagram and successful light control. Photograph detail conditions of the light passing through your project. Assemble a film strip of four images demonstrating moments of light control that reinforces your project idea. Each image is to document light at a different place within your project. Include an annotation that identifies the source and time, e.g. natural or artificial, early morning or late afternoon.

For Monday (4/8)
(3) 1/16" strategy models w/site, include program and light control
(1) 4"x17" document light, 4 images at different places

--Victoria McReynolds 18:56, 6 April 2013 (CDT)

Visualize Site + Position

Site is an assemblage of material, constraints, and behavior. Your phase 03 strategy is to strengthen and challenge selected existing forces. In order to visualize the complex forces you are responding to document through words the existing site factors which your regulating lines intersects. Use the regulating line as a path to write your words along thus complimenting the regulating line with a stream of words. The resulting words are to describe specifically what is occurring along that line on site and transport someone who is blind into visualize your site. Watch the short clip Sound of Vision on the musician, Frank Senior, to be reminded it is in the details that we understand the whole.

Construct three project models that materialize the site strategy. Demonstrate your position through testing openings, extensions, enclosures, anchoring and connections. Include modeling the site below and immediately adjacent to your internal logic to communicate the orientation of your strategy.

For Friday (4/5)
(1) 17"xY" site strategy plan @ 1/8" or 1/16" scale, with regulating words
(3) 1/16" strategy models testing enclosure conditions

--Victoria McReynolds 15:33, 4 April 2013 (CDT)


The in-studio integration exercise of strengthening your three situations are to be presented on 8"xY" trace over 8"x8" printout. Each strategy is to demonstrate a spatial conversation between the context and internal logic. Regulating conditions indicate these intricacies while the placed distillation diagram communicates how you control the intricacies. Address context through position and orientation, address internal logic by adjusting degrees of intersection, size of rooms, lengths of thresholds.

Identify one of the three strategies that you find best realizes continuity and difference between the site and project. Your selected strategy should better the context by drawing from observed networks while presenting something new. In plan include text along the regulating conditions that describe from what the regulating line or point originated, and what tangible conditions the regulating line or point engages on the site and project. Draw five cross-sections through your project that articulate varying spatial and contextual relationships. Continue to strengthen your selected strategy in section by modifying the site to accommodate the project.

For Wednesday (4/3)
(3) 8"x8" site strategy diagrams, w/ in-studio trace exercise @ 1/32" scale
(1) 17"xY" site strategy plan @ 1/8" scale, with regulating text
(1) 17"xY" site strategy cross-sections @ 1/8" scale, with regulating lines

--Victoria McReynolds 08:25, 1 April 2013 (CDT)

Refine, Iterate, Improve

REFINE, ITERATE, IMPROVE. Revisit and improve ALL work completed thus far for Phase 03 as needed. Many of you were unable to adequately use the Wednesday site visit for the outline purpose as was listed below. Make that visit to the site today on your own time with your site strategies so that you understand, can discuss, and have the graphic articulation of the tangible impact your site strategies will have on the ground and context.

Correct and develop program diagrams so that the program bar is constant, track length varies and bikes are documented. Left of the program bar is a listing of the program title, square footage, equipment and tools. Right of the program bar is event, use, and characteristic of the Bike Club you will create.

Revisit and Improve additional Phase 03 work.

For Friday (3/29)
(3) 8"x8" site strategy diagrams @ 1/32" scale
(3) 8"x8" @ 1"=100' site diagrams: edges, circulation, patterns
8"xY" @ 1/16"=1'-0" program diagram: events, track length, bikes
8"xY" Distillation Diagram @ 1/16"=1'-0"
4"x17" use: ground source site documentation
4"x17" weather: ground source site documentation
4"x17" shadows: ground source site documentation

--Victoria McReynolds ( vmcreyno ) 11:47, 28 March 2013 (CDT)

Site Strategies

Develop three site strategies from the edited combination of your Distillation Diagram and Site Diagrams. Identify both internal and contextual regulating conditions your strategy responds.

Wednesday we will meet out on site @ 8:30am. For this meeting bring your three Site Strategy drawings and Site Diagrams with you to compare, edit and improve on. Make sure to have tools to measure, draw and document. Often a clipboard or other hard surface is useful to hold drawings steady when on site.

Continue to refine program registration, ground sourcing and site diagrams as needed.

For Wednesday (3/27)
(3) 8"x8" site strategy diagrams @ 1/32" scale

--Victoria McReynolds 10:25, 26 March 2013 (CDT)

Architecture + Film

The studio now has a wiki listing of Architecture + Film.

Add to it, reference it, update it, follow links, this listing is intended as a college wide resource extending beyond the specifics of studio 2502. A few personal free favorites, rap on Mies Van Der Rohe and Los Angeles Plays Itself.

--Victoria McReynolds ( vmcreyno ) 01:57, 25 March 2013 (CDT)

Program Registration, Site Sourcing, Site Diagrams

Program Registration:
Develop a program diagram that sets into relationship the Bike Club events, bike count and track length. Organize the event spectrum in a column with the left hand side listing the associated program title, tools and equipments while the right hand side lists the events, uses and characteristics you anticipate taking place in that particular space. Include the maximum track length taking care to position the track line in relation to the program spaces either strengthening or distancing the relationship between the two. Document in the program diagram the quantity of bikes to accommodate in the program.

Site Sourcing:
Similar to phase 2, visit the site and record ground sourcing relationships of program, weather, and shadows. Same constraints apply, photographs must be taken facing the ground with the camera path perpendicular to the ground plane. Refer to the previous post Site as Noun, Site as Verb 20 Feb. for more information on ground sourcing.

Site Diagrams:
Combine observations from direct site visits and aerial imagery to develop three site diagrams of edges, circulations, and patterns. Similar to phase 2, the diagrams are of spatial defining features as they relate to density, orientation, proximity, intensity, levels of degrees, and positions. Introduce hierarchy into the diagrams through line weights, types and masks. All diagrams are to be utilize the same monochromatic pallet. Reference wiki post Field Conditions + Context for further information on site diagraming.

For Monday (3/25)
8"xY" @ 1/16"=1'-0" program diagram: events, track length, bikes
8"x8" @ 1"=100' site diagrams: edges, circulation, patterns
4"x17" use: ground source site documentation
4"x17" weather: ground source site documentation
4"x17" shadows: ground source site documentation

--Victoria McReynolds 17:09, 23 March 2013 (CDT)

Distillation Diagram Hierarchy

Demonstrate hierarchy within your regulating conditions that identify primary, secondary and tertiary controls of edges, axis, alignments and points. Introduce hierarchy within your architectural elements by allowing territories to overlap, indicating intersections or thresholds. The path of light within your device is light circulation. These Distillation Diagrams are to communicate means of circulating through the territories. Do not diagram the surfaces of your edges, just the edges themselves.

For Friday (3/22)
8"xY" refine Distillation Diagram
Complete Phase 02 upload to Wiki Page

--Victoria McReynolds 14:41, 21 March 2013 (CDT)

Device Distillation

Internal logic of your Device is the basis from which the architecture of your Phase 03 project will derive. Through a series of Distillation Diagrams you are to identify this logic by visualizing the regulating conditions of your device and verbalizing the architectural elements of rooms, thresholds, edges and openings. The diagrams are to be an intelligent reduction of essential space defining features from your four phase 01 device sections, ultimately products of extractions not duplication.

Visualize the internal logic by identifying regulating conditions of guide lines and control points. Utilize the same accent color as used during phase 02 and recall organizing features such as axises, edges, center points of geometries, rotation nodes, intersections, and radii. Apply techniques of line types and weight to set hierarchy within the regulating conditions.

Verbalize the internal logic by identifying the architectural elements of rooms, thresholds, edges, and openings. Include a scale legend in your diagrams at 1' increment with 5' keys to associate size and volume. Graphically identify the space of architectural elements by masking territories. Apply variation of opacity as it relates to the depth or hight of the space. Recall that prisms and light sources are thresholds for light.

For Wednesday (3/20)
8"x36" distillation diagram @ 1/16" scale, portrait format

--Victoria McReynolds 16:04, 19 March 2013 (UTC)

Phase 02 + Tschumi

Phase 02 is due Friday, 3/8, at the start of class. We will review work and discuss the beginnings of Phase 03. It is also required that you bring in the required text book, Architecture and Disjunction by Bernard Tschumi to studio this Friday. It is a required text for the semester so there should be no problem or excuse for not having it in studio.

Remaining focus and concentration on Phase 02 is to be directed to your sections and site strategy diagrams. Only if these are at a developed and completed stage should you spend energy revising your site operation models.

Phase 02 Requirements For Friday (3/8)
4"x17" use: ground source site documentation
4"x17" weather: ground source site documentation
4"x17" shadows: ground source site documentation
(3) 8"x8" site diagrams @ 1"=100', one edges, one circulation, one patterns
(3) 8"x8" revised site strategy diagrams @ 1/32"< >1/50"
(3) 10"x36" combined section drawing @ 1/16": clear film technical drawing, butcher paper earth
(3) site operation models @ 1/16", site and device
phase 1 device characteristic diagram

--Victoria McReynolds 22:42, 6 March 2013 (CST)

Clarity through Sections + Strategy

Each Site Strategy diagram must quickly communicate how your device is situated with the site through clarity in the location to context, relationship to North and response to existing site forces. Include a plan and single section in each site strategy diagram printed at a 1/32" to 1/50" scale. Distinguish the site as a ground plane in plan and earth mass in section. Incorporate existing site forces discovered in the edge, circulation and pattern site diagrams that are relative to the strategy.

Create a combined longitudinal and cross section drawing @ 1/16" scale of your site operation + situated device that clarifies the SITE, DEVICE and REGULATING relationships. Articulate site difference through excavating or filling the terrain as the geomorphic geometries respond to the device regulating forces. Establish continuity by developing the way in which the device attaches to the site, such as piers, planes, or footings. Reinforce the site device dialogue further by modifying particular internal logic while holding fix other internal logic, for example extension of planes, stretching spaces, rotating hinges, or compressing frames. Provide brown butcher paper earth behind the technical clear film sections drawing. Allocate ~ 26" width for the longitudinal section and the remaining ~ 10" width for the cross section. Indicate the seam between the two sections as the elevation measure legend in foot increments. Document in an accent color regulating forces internal to the device extending out into the site and forces from the site influencing the device. Consider guide lines and control points which record alignments, axises, edges, center points of geometries, rotation nodes, intersections, and radii. Introduce hierarchy of regulating forces through line types and weight.

For Wednesday (3/6)
(3) 10"x36" combined section drawing @ 1/16": clear film technical drawing, butcher paper earth
(3) 8"x8" revised site strategy diagrams @ 1/32"< >1/50"

--Victoria McReynolds 21:42, 4 March 2013 (CST)

Complete, Refine and Develop

Yesterday only five students completed the site strategy diagrams.
Monday I will grade phase 2 process work which will be a portion of your final phase 2 project grade. The work will be evaluated based on the level of execution and completion.
It is required everyone have the following printed, pinned up and modeled by the start of class.

For Monday (3/4)
4"x17" use: ground source site documentation
4"x17" weather: ground source site documentation
4"x17" shadows: ground source site documentation
(3) 8"x8" site diagrams @ 1"=100', one edges, one circulation, one patterns
(3) 8"x8" site strategy diagrams, w/ plan + section
(3) site operation models @ 1/16", site and device
phase 1 device characteristic diagram

--Victoria McReynolds 18:41, 2 March 2013 (CST)

Site Strategy + Operation

The outcome of phase 2 is now to include three site operations. In each of the operations situate the device in responds to existing patterns, networks and forces observed on site. Establish continuity and difference to tie the spatial dialogue between device and site stronger. Modify the existing site geometries through modifications such as excavation, extraction, projection or displacement. Derive size, depth, hight, alignment and orientation of the site modifications according to your site diagrams and device siting.

Diagram three site strategies, one for each situated device on 8"x8" page. Include in the diagram forces and patterns which your device responds to and the site operations which receive the device. The diagram is to be made with a composite plan and section analysis at a scale between 1"=50' <> 1/16"=1'. No aerial image is to be included in these diagrams. Instead utilize regulating lines, guide lines, line types and masks to graphically articulate major spatial moves and corresponding site conditions which drive the situation of your device. Each site strategy diagram is to include title information.

For Friday (3/1)
(3) 8"x8" site strategy diagrams, w/ plan + section
(3) site models @ 1/16"
(3) situated study models @ 1/16"

--Victoria McReynolds 12:45, 28 February 2013 (CST)

Situating the device: continuity + difference

To SITE something is to situate it in context to a set of observed relationships. This action done well in architecture establishes a series of spatial and material relationships reciprocated between landscape and building. Developing from your site diagrams, ground source observations and materialized site model you are to explore three operations of situating your device with the site. Siting your device in relation to the landscape must include an element of continuity and difference.

Continuity is established through the foundation of your device such as the elements anchoring into or touching down to the site. This is a component of the internal logic of your device extending out to the site.

Difference is established through modifying the site such as building up or excavating out conditions to accommodate the device. This action derives from observed, diagramed and modeled site characteristics and challenges existing relationships of orientation, rotation, proximity, and mass to void.

For Monday (2/25)
(3) study models of your device sited differently @ 1/16"

--Victoria McReynolds 01:06, 25 February 2013 (UTC)

Field Conditions + Context

Inorder to visualize fields you must first identify the unit. Stan Allen's writing, "From Object to Field" emphasizes the importance of a base unit and its local rules governing the unit to unit relationship. This introduces flexibility in the overall form contrasting to the method of beginning with an overall form and executing conditions to fit within. Jonathan Solomon's project ALT-895 is a good example of circulation conditions as a field mapped according to the turning radius to speed unit.

Field conditions look not only as the unit but also the space between the units calling attention to density, orientation, proximity and degree. San Francisco Museum of Modern Art recently held an exhibition titled "Field Conditions" showing a collection of drawings and installations completed by architects and artists in exploration of visualizing the finite and infinite. For further understanding read through the transcript between Stan Allen and Preston Scott Cohen at the GSD discussing Field Conditions.

You are to develop three diagrams that identify site conditions of edges, circulations and patterns through the observation of units. Track changes of the unit according to spatial defining features such as density, orientation, proximity, intensity, degree and position.

For Friday (2/22)
develop site model @1/16"
8"x8" @ 1"=100' site diagrams: edges, circulation, patterns
reformat ground source images correctly
post phase 01 content to wiki page

--Victoria McReynolds 05:11, 21 February 2013 (UTC)

Phase 02 - Site as Noun, Site as Verb

This next phase marks a shift in focus away from the internal logic of your device out to the conditions of site. We will understand the site of Avenue A + 50th as a noun through analysis and observation and as a verb through situating your device. Readers of Stan Allen's "From Object to Field" and William Rees Morrish's "Civilizing Terrains" will be primary references during these next two weeks. Site is dynamic, visit this location often as conditions constantly change.

Materialization requires that you take a position on the spatial and textural qualities of the site. Construct a 1/16" site model of the yellow territory, roughly 130'x500', either planar or as a mass, which demonstrates the existing spatial features. Accumulation, projection, and orientation are paramount to creating a model that realizes the characteristic of the site. Utilize modeling material thin enough that allows for accumulation within the size of 8"x31" may be used. Reference the exhibition work of Maya Lin's Landscapes and Graem Whyte's modified ping pong landscape.

Ground sourcing enters the observer into the site directly through gravity. Document the ground of your site by photographing conditions of use (program), weather (accumulation + evaporation), and shadows (seeing above below). Your camera is to be parallel to gravity and positioned no higher than your shoulders and no lower than your waist.

Wednesday (2/20)
1/16" yellow territory model
4"x17" use: ground source site documentation
4"x17" weather: ground source site documentation
4"x17" shadows: ground source site documentation

--Victoria McReynolds 17:07, 19 February 2013 (UTC)

Phase 01 - Documentation

Upload all of your final phase 01 project work in the order as is listed under Final Content announcement post to your individual wiki page by the end of the day Thursday, February 21.

>Optical path analysis clear film drawings are to be uploaded separately.
>All device sections and plans are to be uploaded with the shadow / light wash included. Scan the wash drawings separately then layer the file with your technical line drawings in illustrator for submission to the wiki page.
>Six device model photos are to be uploaded to your wiki page. Provide photographs that demonstrate how your device performs internally and contextually, include at minimum one overall photo of your device. All photographs are to be taken with a tripod and intentional lighting.

Label each file "ARCH_2502_VM_SP13_lastname_firstinitial_ph01_001.jpg"

Upload each file "Image:ARCH_2502_VM_SP13_lastname_firstinitial_ph01_001.jpg | 400px | drawing name"

--Victoria McReynolds 16:17, 19 February 2013 (UTC)

Redirect / Capture / Extract

Utilize these last couple of days of Project 1 to focus on refining one or two areas of your project. Qualitative improvement is critical in demonstrating your skill at space and material manipulations to redirect, capture and extract light. One repeated theme today was micro-environment - modifying your device to operate in light conditions as well as dark is essential.

All work is due Friday at 8:30am pinned up and displayed.
Visit the list below for final content requirements.

--Victoria McReynolds 01:40, 14 February 2013 (UTC)

Final Contents

This Wednesday, tomorrow, we will have an internal discuss of your Phase 1 projects. All work is to be completed, printed and pinned up at the start of studio to collectively review the spatial and graphic quality of your devices.

Instrument Analysis
(6) 11"x8.5" Elevation documentation, annotated and dimensioned, of your optical instrument
(x) 4"x36" Evidence film stills with 4" high images, quantity dependent on evidence amount
(1) 11"x17" Unfolded collage
(1) 11"x17" Components photo
(1) 11"x17" Parts photo, organized by size
(3) 8.5"x11" Diagrams: controls (spatial & material), internal function, external performance
(2) 11"x17" Drawings: plan and section
(x) 11"x17" Drawings: optical path, on clear film, quantity dependent on instrument complexity
(x) Instrument Components and Parts

Device Assembly
(1) 11"x8.5" Characteristic Diagram
(4) 11"x17" Drawings: 2 plan and 2 section, on clear film
(4) 11"x17" Wash Drawings: light and shadow
(1) 24"x24" Axonometric: entire device, x-ray
(1) Device with internalized lights
(x) Process models

--Victoria McReynolds 18:11, 12 February 2013 (UTC)

Device Iteration + Drawing

From now to Monday, the main drive is quality development of your device. Work within the four main frames of your characteristic diagram and optical redirection, extraction and context development. Realize this thorough spatial and material development instead of object concentration.

For Monday (2/11)
24"x24" axonometric x-ray
11"x17" revise section and shadow studies
device refinement
characteristic diagram

--Victoria McReynolds 17:33, 7 February 2013 (UTC)

Device Drawings

Construct two plans and two sections along the main device axis. Each drawing is to be on a separate 11x17 landscape format page. Print the line drawings on clear film, provide a watercolor paper behind the line drawing that illustrates shades and shadows casted within your device.

For Wednesday (2/6)
2 plans line drawings on clear film
2 base plans watercolor shade shadow studies
2 sections line drawings on clear film
2 base sections watercolor shade shadow studies

--Victoria McReynolds 19:04, 4 February 2013 (UTC)

Device Development

Your Characteristic Diagram and Device are complimentary, meaning the diagram informs the device and the device informs the diagram. For Friday, revise your diagram based upon recent realizations. Continue to develop three devices exploring different ways to realize your characteristic diagram.

For Friday (2/1)
(1) Characteristic Diagram revised, 8.5"x11"
(3) Developed Device Models

--Victoria McReynolds 20:22, 31 January 2013 (UTC)

Constructing Devices
Machines are social before being technical. - Guilles Deleuze, Foucault (Minneapolis, 1988) p.13

Multiplicity, Imagination and Activation are three key properties exhibited by devices. As you transition into device construction from instrumental analysis, understand that the device embodies versatility and simultaneity not previously exhibited in your optical instrument.

Characteristic Diagram
Create a characteristic diagram which illustrates the uniqueness of your instrument as it relates to its assembly, internal logic, and / or performance. Include in the diagram a relationship to the instrument's optical path. Clarity of your diagram is to be understood primarily through the drawing and reinforced with a One or Two word title.

Device via Redirect / Capture / Extract
With the lens, frames and apertures of your optical path as the backbone, construct three device models which interpret your Characteristic Diagram. Introduce variables which subvert the designed optical path to see seeing through methods of Redirect, Capture, and Extract.

Redirect : Manipulating Constraints

Focusing upon the optical paths, apply spatial modifying techniques such as expand, bisect, stretch, shift in scale, inverting proportions, and reconfiguration of boundaries.

Capture : Constructing Culverts

The intention of capturing light is to materialize light. This is accomplished either by interrupting or redirecting the path of light. Positioning planar or linear elements to intersect with the optical path introduces a surface for reflection. Constructing room to diverge a path of light offers another method of capturing light.

Extract : Activate Context

Externalize illumination beyond the designed boundaries to activate surrounding through light and shadow play. Acquire a constant light source to build into your optical device. This could either be a LED source or other small lamp, source HB distributor which allows you to select the angle of light intensity. Or reference Lily LEDs manufacturer site or Model Train Hobby shop for 5mm - 10mm LEDs.

Links to examples shared today are posted in the Course References section.

For Wednesday (1/30)
(1) Characteristic Diagram, 8.5"x11"
(3) Device Models

--Victoria McReynolds 01:06, 29 January 2013 (UTC)

Diagrams & Drawings
a posting of content emailed 1/26

Further distinction needs to be made between the diagrams and drawings. Right now all everyone's drawings read similarly as the corresponding diagrams.

The optical instrument plan and section drawings are to communicate accuracy of material conditions and spatial proportions. Include locations of section cuts in the plan drawing and plan cuts in the section drawing. All cut material is to be poched while information beyond the cut plane is to be drawn with varying line weights as they relate to distance from the cut plane. Provide regulating lines that draw out from key internal functions or operations.

Optical instrument diagrams are to address three different conditions: 1. Spatial and Material Controls (illustrating measurements, proportions, axial relationships existing in the main instrument) 2. Internal light function (demonstrating light lines and light mask), 3. External light performance (showing distance to evidence ratios). Apply proportional analysis techniques of geometry, repetition, and ratio of width to length. Identify symmetrical relationships, center lines or major axis along the optical path.

Optical Path technical drawings
Construct plan and section drawings of just the optical path(s) as it occurs in your instrument. Only include information that pertains to directing or restricting the light as it moves along the path. Each plan or section is to be printed on clear film and overlaid on your 11'x17" plan. The clear film print size is to be no smaller than 8.5"x11" and no larger than 11"x17". Pin these drawings up over your revised technical plan and section drawing. All plan and section cut locations are to be referenced as cutlines on the base technical drawing.

Optical Instrument Pieces
Disassemble your optical instrument into pieces and arrange according to size, from largest to smallest. Take care to retain the key optical parts: lens, aperture and frame. Photograph the pieces on white background square to the contents. Print out as 11"x17" format.

Product Information
Include your optical instrument product name, year introduced, and range of existence on the front elevation of your photo documentation.

CJ Lim, Devices
Read Friday's handout, "Devices: A Manual of Architectural + Spatial Machines" which we will discuss Monday.

For Monday (1/28)
Revise technical plan and section drawings
Revise all diagrams
Draw optical path plan & section (printed on Clear Film, between 8.5"x11" and 11"x17")
Photograph optical instrument pieces
Include optical instrument product information

--Victoria McReynolds 23:24, 28 January 2013 (UTC)

Iterations + Revisions

Revisit your optical instrument documentation in order to revise and clarify conditions of Evidence, Components, Drawings and Diagrams. Recall all optical paths are to be analyzed, inclusion of film as ghosted addition, detailing of lens deformations and other general comments as listed below.

Evidence (film strips) - about documenting nuance, separate strip per performance test, only introduce one variable

Components (documented + collaged) - organization according to internal logic, intention to drive arrangement, unfolding into a pattern similar to unfolding a clothing garment back to its original fabric

Drawings (plan + section) - technical drawing, detail of lens deformation, communicate material thickness, retain proportion across material and dimension, line weights

Diagrams (spatial and material constraints, internal, external) - constraints diagram documenting symmetrical axis, perimeter of cavity, volume of cavity space, height to width proportioning, external diagram is relation between screen + instrument

Friday (1/25)
complete set of revised documentation as required for (1/23)

--Victoria McReynolds 02:33, 24 January 2013 (UTC)

Evidence + Components


To complete the analysis of your instrument as an object it is necessary to document the optical path of travel through the instrument itself. Demonstrate the instrument's performance by shining light through all paths of seeing. Film every optical path's performance, whether it be the sight path, projection path or recording path. Mount the video camera on a tripod to retain a consistent frame as you expand and contract the distant variables between screen, instrument and light. It is also necessary to demonstrate light shining through the paths of seeing as designed and inverse to the expected use of the instrument. Select multiple stills of the film in order to illustrate the evident range of your instrument performance. Arrange each "path of seeing" documentation on a separate 4"x36" landscape format page.


Comprehension of assemblies increase when things come apart. Following the dimensional, annotative, and performative analysis of your Optical Instrument as a single object it becomes necessary to analyze your instrument according to its components. Prior to taking your instrument apart, position your camera in a marked location to video your process of disassembling, similar to Todd McLellan's new work film. This video is critical as a reference of sequence and relationships. Separate your instrument into primary components, for example the lens is separate from the cavity is separate from the door. Arrange these components on a clean white horizontal surface according to the internal performative logic of the optical paths of travel. Photograph the arrangement square to the camera with crisp lighting and contrast.

After documenting your arranged components, construct a collage of your instrument unfolded. Start with the main optical cavity and work out towards the perimeter. A shared edge should tie the unfolded surfaces together. Most images may come from your arranged component documentation however it may be necessary to photograph some components specifically for the collage, such as interior elevations of the instruments cavities. Reference Mei-Fang Liao's bus collage

Draw a plan and section of your instrument illustrating material thickness and cavity sizes. Locate the section parallel to the optical path of travel. Poche cut material and include a graphic scale.

Diagram three conditions of your instrument: controls (spatial & material), internal functions, and external performance. For controls, diagram the spatial and material elements of the optical path(s) of travel, such as cavities, lens, frames and channels. For internal functions, diagram the performance of light passing through the optical path(s) beginning from the outer most lenses. For external performance, diagram the light performance between your instrument and the screen previously recorded during the evidence exercise. Include information such as the throw of light from the instrument onto the screen in relation to the distance between the two.

All drawings, diagrams and collage are to be completed digitally.

For Wednesday (1/23)
4"x36" Instrument evidence film stills with 4" images
11"x17" Instrument components photo, instrument unfolded collage
11"x17" Drawings: plan, section
8.5"x11" Diagrams: controls (spatial & material), internal function, external performance

>Rework any Optical Instrument elevational documentation (photos, background, descriptive language, graphic scale, etc.) as discussed in studio.

--Victoria McReynolds 18:54, 19 January 2013 (UTC)

Optical Instruments

Acquire an optical instrument for phase 01_ Architectural Devices, for which you will become an expert through analysis, dissection and reassemblage. The optical instrument must have a minimum of two lens, container, view port and is not digital from which to begin. The optical instrument must be intelligently assembled and have successfully performed at some point in time.

Places to find optical instruments may be thrift stores (such as Goodwill, Disabled American Veterans, Salvation Army), antique stores, Ebay, or Craigslist Lubbock.

For Friday, provide six excellent elevational photographs documenting your optical instrument square to the camera. Photoshop out the background so it is just the instrument on the paper space. Annotate key parts of the instrument utilizing descriptive language associated with the performance of the instrument. Provide dimensioning and a graphic scale from which to understand the size. Each elevation is to be printed on its own 11x8.5 landscape format page, similar to a portrait.

Be prepared with tools and a desk lamp to begin disassembling your instrument, in addition to the required studio materials and equipment listed in the course syllabus.

Friday (1/18)
Optical Instrument
(6) 11x8.5 elevation documentation, annotated and dimensioned, of your optical instrument

--Victoria McReynolds 16:54, 16 January 2013 (UTC)

Course Readers

A general listing of 2502 readers can be found on the course coordination page. Specific books we will cover in this studio are listed below. These books are to be used as reference through out the semester and will be addressed specifically as required for readings.

Allen, Stan. Points + Lines. Princeton Architectural Press
Bernard, Tschumi. Architecture and Disjunction. MIT Press
Cook, Peter. Drawing: The Motive Force of Architecture. Chichester, England
Lim, C. J. Devices, A Manual of Architectural + Spatial Machines. Amsterdam
Morrish, William Rees. Civilizing Terrains: Mountains, Mounds and Mesas. William Stout
Reiser, Jesse and Nanako Umemoto. Atlas of Novel Tectonics. Princeton Architectural Press
Smout, Mark and Laura Allen. Augmented Landscapes. Princeton Architectural Press

When searching for these books make use of used book carriers such as Powells or Abe, in addition to the familiar Amazon and Barnes & Nobel. Books stores specifically for architecture are also worth looking at, William Stout, Peter Miller, or Hennessey + Ingalls.

--Victoria McReynolds 16:25, 16 January 2013 (UTC)